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Cyclically Defensive

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Escalation in the China-US trade war are helping drive cyclical sectors to be on pace for two weeks of underperformance relative to defensive sectors. When the closing bell rings on Friday if this occurs, it would mark the first time since May that cyclicals suffered consecutive weeks of negative relative returns.

While cyclicals may remain under pressure until the overall market stabilizes, we believe that accommodative monitory policy along with their firmer balance sheets will ultimately allow cyclical sectors to outperform defensive sectors.

What We’ve Seen

  • With the overall market down 1.91% so far in Q3, only four sectors are in the green. Two of these are cyclicals – real estate and communication services, while the other two – staples and utilities – are defensives. Thanks to the dramatic negative 8.27% return for energy stocks as crude oil has dropped, defensives on the whole are lagging cyclicals.
  • It has only been the last days in July and first few in August that have driven down cyclicals. Energy continues to be the laggard this week underperforming the market by 1.29% with WTI crude oil down 3.65% on the week and 8.45% on the month. While some may not consider cyclicals to be defensive, their beta to the market is closer to one over the long-term than one may expect.

DEFENSIVES ARE ON PACE FOR TWO WEEKS OF OUTPERFORMANCE


Source: MSCI, as of August 6, 2019. Cyclicals represented by the MSCI USA Cyclical Sectors Index and defensives represented by the MSCI USA Defensive Sectors Index. One cannot invest directly in an index.

Money in Motion

After seeing $2.17 billion of inflows in July, cyclical sector ETFs have lost $1.64 billion through the first 4 trading days in August, while defensive sector ETFs have largely experienced the opposite behavior with $874.44 million of outflows in July and $364.06 million of inflows in August.

  • Unlike the May performance analogy, flows point to a different picture as both groups were in red that month highlighting how investors are being more discriminate in their recent bout of selling.
  • Year-to-date, cyclicals remain in the flow lead by over $1.37 billion even as both groups are now in outflows. Of course, this could change quickly if the lead that cyclicals gathered in months like February, April and July starts to be diminished by investors flocking to perceived safer areas of the equity market.

ETF INVESTORS HAVE SHIFTED AWAY FROM CYCLICALS TO DEFENSIVES


Source: Bloomberg Finance, L.P., as of January 1, 2019 to August 6, 2019. Data represents the monthly net flows of U.S.-listed U.S. Cyclical Sector ETFs and U.S. Defensive Sector ETFs specifically targeting exposure to sectors defined by MSCI as cyclicals and defensives, respectively.

What’s Next?

What was missed during Monday’s selloff was a weaker than expected ISM Non-Manufacturing print of 53.7 from 55.1 in June. The services sector has been a source of strength for the US economy even as the manufacturing sector has been struggling. Should a trend of broadening economic weakness continue, we may reevaluate our positioning from a fundamental perspective.

  • Outside of this manifestation, which would impact the markets at large negatively, investors should not be fooled that defensives are actually as defensive as they have been historically, especially as cyclicals offer superior operating margins and better return on equity.
  • Interestingly, both cyclical and defensive sectors witnessed the percentage of index members trading below their 50-day moving average drop sharply. In May, defensive names were struggling during the month prior to seeing cyclicals join them with furor in late May.

PERCENTAGE OF MEMBERS BELOW THEIR 50-DAY MOVING AVERAGE HAS FALLEN SHARPLY


Source: Bloomberg Finance, L.P., MSCI, as of August 6, 2019. Cyclicals represented by the MSCI USA Cyclical Sectors Index and defensives represented by the MSCI USA Defensive Sectors Index. One cannot invest directly in an index.

Implementation Ideas

 


Definitions

  • MSCI USA Cyclical Sectors Index: The MSCI USA Cyclical Sectors Index is based on MSCI USA Index, its parent index and captures large and mid-cap segments of the US market. The index is designed to reflect the performance of the opportunity set of global cyclical companies across various GICS® sectors. All constituent securities from Consumer Discretionary, Financials, Industrials, Information Technology and Materials are included in the Index.
  • MSCI USA Defensive Sectors Index: The MSCI USA Defensive Sectors Index is based on MSCI USA Index, its parent index and captures large and mid-cap segments of the US market. The index is designed to reflect the performance of the opportunity set of global defensive companies across various GICS® sectors. All constituent securities from Consumer Staples, Energy, Healthcare, Telecommunication Services and Utilities are included in the Index

Direxion Relative Weight ETF Risks – Investing involves risk including possible loss of principal. The Funds’ investments in derivatives may pose risks in addition to, and greater than, those associated with directly investing in or shorting securities or other investments. Cyclical stocks tend to rise and fall with the business cycle and are typically companies that provide consumer discretionary good or services. Defensive stocks tend to remain stable during various phases of the business cycle due to constant demand for products. Defensive stocks generally include utility and consumer staples companies that produce goods bought out of necessity. There is no guarantee that the returns on the Funds’ long or short positions will produce high, or even positive returns and a Fund could lose money if either or both of the Fund’s long and short positions produce negative returns.  Please see the summary and full prospectuses for a more complete description of these and other risks of the Funds.

Distributor: Foreside Fund Services, LLC