Editor’s note: Any and all references to timeframes longer than one trading day are for purposes of market context only, and not recommendations of any holding timeframe. Daily rebalancing ETFs are not meant to be held unmonitored for long periods. If you don’t have the resources, time or inclination to constantly monitor and manage your positions, leveraged ETFs are not for you.
We, as investors, constantly offer narratives around market moves. They provide us, and help us interpret cause and effect, whichever direction stocks are moving.
The latest story surrounding the underperformance of growth stocks centers around the well-telegraphed pickup in inflation. Thanks to low base effects, and the economic reopening’s unique impact on supply and demand, April’s Consumer Price Index (CPI) year-over-year print of 4.2% confirmed that prices are most assuredly on the rise. While CPI did rise more than forecast (expectations were for a 3.6% increase year-over-year), April’s jobs report was much weaker than expected, so the net picture remains unclear.
The key question to ask is whether these price increases will prove to be sticky, or transitory. The immediate market move seems to imply they may have staying power and the Fed will need to react sooner than they plan to do.
LESS NOW, MAY BE MORE LATER
Over the near term, the economic releases may simply be an excuse to sell, particularly names with high multiples trading on expectations for future cash flows, as opposed to current earnings. Interestingly, the long-term opportunity for many of these companies may have increased since they are trading less expensively, and there may be no significant change to many of their long-term potential for transformation.
It is also reasonable to think about opportunities outside of secular growth. The challenge is whether to overweight stocks with low price multiples, or look for other approaches that may be better suited for navigating today’s market environment. For example, value today is represented largely by the Financials and Energy sectors, but there tends to be no regard for actual financial health across many of those companies.
The Direxion Fallen Knives ETF [NYSE: NIFE] offers a more nuanced approach to identifying stocks that have been out of favor. In likeness to the name, the index first screens for negative momentum, seeking to capture companies exhibiting negative momentum over the past 12 months of at least -15%. In other words, only securities that have fallen by at least 15% over the trailing 12 months are eligible for inclusion. Then, the index employs a financial health screen to identify companies with healthy balance sheets and business fundamentals in order to sustain and succeed through a period of drawdown. The index includes the 50 securities with highest composite score.
 12-month momentum measured as 12 months excluding the most recent month, or 12-1 momentum
 Financial health measured by a composite of the current ratio, cash flow coverage ratio, and debt to equity.
FALLEN KNIVES LEANS TOWARD SMALLER, LOWER MULTIPLES COMPANIES
|Characteristics||Indxx US Fallen Knives Index||Russell 3000 Index||Difference|
|Weighted Average Market Capitalization ($, B)||9,987||425,877||-415,890|
|Price to Earnings Ratio (x)||21.72||26.22||-4.5|
|Estimated EPS Growth (%)||24.48||16.57||7.91|
|Total Debt to Common Equity (%)||31.03||127.15||-96.12|
Source: Bloomberg Finance, L.P., June 30, 2020 to April 30, 2021.
RISK, VALUE AND OPPORTUNITY
Relative to the broad market, Fallen Knives trades at a lower price to earnings ratio, but may offer superior growth potential. In addition, the stocks have considerably lower debt to equity. This highlights an important difference Fallen Knives offers, when compared to a traditional value approach, which generally does not consider any financial health metrics. While both approaches are often anti-momentum, NIFE can offer a way to lean away from “risky” value stocks, and systematically find some of more compelling opportunities among stocks that have recently suffered.
 As measured by the Russell 3000 Index. The Russell 3000 Index is a capitalization-weighted stock market index, maintained by FTSE Russell, which seeks to be a benchmark of the entire U.S stock market. It measures the performance of the 3,000 largest publicly held companies incorporated in America as measured by total market capitalization, and represents approximately 98% of the American public equity market.
THE FINANCIAL SECTOR COMPRISES NEARLY 40% OF THE FALLEN KNIVES INDEX
Source: Bloomberg Finance, L.P., as of May 7, 2021.
Today, Financials dominates the Fallen Knives benchmark from a sector exposure perspective, comprising close to 40% of the fund, which is 27% more than the Russell 3000 Index. The second greatest difference relative to the broader market is an underweight to the Information Technology sector of over 20%. The Fallen Knives approach has also equated to notable overweight exposures in the Health Care and Industrials sectors.
THE PERFORMANCE IS IN THE PUDDING
Source: Bloomberg Finance, L.P., June 30, 2020 to April 30, 2021. This data represents past performance and is not indicative of future results. Short-term performance may often reflect conditions that are likely not sustainable and may not be repeated in the future. You cannot invest directly in an index.
Since June 30th, the NIFE ETF is up 62.31% based on market closing prices (62.27% NAV) through April 30th. The selection process utilized for Fallen Knives offers a unique blend of exposures and a significantly different market cap profile relative to traditional value approaches, or the broader market. Since the fund first traded, this approach has outperformed both value and growth indices, even though it has a greater overlap with value as noted. While it is often quite difficult to gauge the timing and selection of poorly performing stocks, we believe a systematic approach that focuses on financial health and balance sheet strength can offer unique exposures, and be additive to portfolios.
 The Indxx US Fallen Knives Index is up 63.13% from June 30, 2020 to April 30, 2021.
NIFE TOP 10 HOLDINGS
|Name||Ticker||GICS Sector||Market Cap ($)||Weight (%)|
|Cincinnati Financial Corp||CINF||Financials||19,387,979,776||5.71|
|Fifth Third Bancorp||FITB||Financials||29,812,963,328||5.69|
|Western Alliance Bancorp||WAL||Financials||11,040,759,808||5.68|
|Jazz Pharmaceuticals PLC||JAZZ||Health Care||9,933,462,528||4.96|
|Huntington Bancshares Inc/OH||HBAN||Financials||16,085,235,712||4.77|
|Reinsurance Group of America Inc||RGA||Financials||8,583,816,704||4.75|
|Novocure Ltd||NVCR||Health Care||19,901,902,848||4.64|
|Gildan Activewear Inc||GIL||Consumer Discretionary||7,276,421,632||3.89|
|EMCOR Group Inc||EME||Industrials||6,836,463,104||3.72|
|Acuity Brands Inc||AYI||Industrials||6,842,586,624||3.72|
Source: Bloomberg Finance, L.P., as of May 7, 2021. Holdings are subject to change and should not be considered investment advice. For performance information current to the most recent month-end, click here.
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